I think all snakes are quite beautiful, though I know many people might disagree. That being said, some snakes are more attractive than others, and today’s animal is definitely one of the more flashy ones.
Spiny bush vipers are found in central Africa, in Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and the DRC. Within this range, bush vipers are found in isolated populations. They are nocturnal, and mainly found in forests, as they are a highly arboreal species. Spiny vipers can be seen basking on top of flowers and leaves, soaking up the sun from their leafy vantage points.
Spiny bush vipers are medium sized snakes, growing to be 58-73 cm long, with males being longer and thinner than females. As their name suggests, spiny bush vipers have highly keeled scales, which give the snakes a spiny or bristly appearance. Members of the genus Atheris, known as bush vipers, are known for being very colourful snakes, with much variety in the genus and within species. Spiny bush vipers are no exception, and these beautiful reptiles come in a variety of colours.
These snakes are venomous, though not a whole lot is known about their venom. The venom is neurotoxic, and can vary in strength depending on the snake, its locality, and even weather and altitude. Bites can be fatal to people, causing hemorrhaging of internal organs, and there is no specific antivenin for Atheris species. Fortunately bites from this species are rare, thanks to their isolated location and nocturnal nature.
Bush vipers use their venom to hunt, typically hanging from trees until they can ambush prey. Once the victims are killed by the snakes’ venom, they are swallowed whole. Spiny bush vipers eat a variety of small animals, including mammals, frogs, and lizards.
While I might not want to meet a spiny bush viper in the wild, I can’t deny that they are unique, beautiful animals. I wonder what those spiny scales feel like? It’s probably not a good idea to get close enough to find out.